A Glimpse of Karnali Pradesh
Karnali Pradesh is one of the seven federal provinces of Nepal formed by a new constitution which was adopted on 20 September 2015.The total area of the province is 24,453 square kilometres (9,441 sq mi). According to the 2011 Nepal census, the population of the province was 1,570,418. On 1 January 2016, the estimated population was 1,701,800.
Initially known as Province No. 6, the newly elected Provincial Assembly adopted Karnali Pradesh as the permanent name for the province in February 2018. It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north, Gandaki Pradesh to the east, Sudurpashchim Pradesh to the west, and Province No. 5 to the south. Birendranagar was declared the capital city of the province in January 2018.
Karnali is an old civilization of Nepal and it is connected with Karnali River. The archaeological sites found in Jumla, Surkhet and Dailekh refers that this area was part of Khasa kingdom which was established during 11th century. The capital of the Khas Kingdom was Sinja. The kingdom was expanded to a great extent in l3th and 14th century. This kingdom was expanded to Garhwal in the west, Mansarowar and Guge regions of Tibet in the north, Gorkha-Nuwakot regions in the east and with Kapilvastu with large areas Terai in the South. After late 14th century the Khas empire collapsed and divided into Baise Rajya (22 principalities) in Karnali-Bheri region.
Before unification of modern Nepal, the part of Karnali (from Karnali River to Bheri River) was an Sanghiya Baise Rajya (United 22 principalities state). The Baise were sovereign, but intermittently allied among themselves until they were annexed during the unification of modern Nepal from 1744 to 1810.
Karnali is the largest province of Nepal with an area of 24,453 km2 (9,441 sq mi), but the population of the province is very low. The population of the province is 1,701,800, which is least in ranking.
The province is surrounded by Gandaki province in east, Province No. 5 in south-east and south, Province No. 7 in west and Tibet Autonomous Region of China in north.
The province has occupied higher mountainous land of north and mid-hills of Nepal. It contains Kubi Gangri, Changla and Kanjiroba mountains in north. The Shey- Phoksundo National Park with Phoksundo lake is the largest national park of Nepal and Rara Lake is the largest lake of Nepal which are located in Karnali Pradesh. Karnali River is the biggest river of the province which is thought to be longest river of Nepal. Seti River and Bheri River are tributaries of Karnali.